MIT Admissions

Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Paul B. '11

Oct 15, 2008

Introduction to D-Lab

Posted in: MIT Facts, Academics & Research

When most people I know think of MIT, the first thing that leaps to mind is almost always computer science, physics, or some other aspect of science and engineering. As important as it is, international development isn't exactly something MIT is world-renowned for. Yet.

But there's a dedicated cadre of people at MIT dedicated to changing that perception - and their numbers are growing. When you come on campus, in fact, it's almost impossible not to notice the tremendous amount of resources that MIT is pouring into a host of international development issues. Whether your passion is combating poverty, improving healthcare in Third World countries, or anything in between, MIT is pushing international development forward on pretty much level, from fostering student groups and Institute initiatives to creating more classes and UROPs dedicated to these issues.

This entry is about one of the most well-known classes focusing on international development at MIT: D-Lab. D-Lab is actually a trio of one-semester classes; the three D's stand for Development, Design, and Dissemination. The classes can be taken individually or as a series, and some students even elect to continue their D-Lab projects for longer than three semesters - such as through UROPs or other initiatives. No matter how little or how long students spend in D-Lab, the skills and perspectives the participants learn continue to be relevant long beyond they've left MIT.

I first heard about D-Lab during freshman year, when one of my upperclassman friends in Simmons started eating crackers for dinner. When I asked why she'd suddenly changed her eating habits, she explained that it was part of an assignment for D-Lab: surviving on $2 a day - the typical living income for a Third World country - for an entire week.

Recently, I discovered that a good friend from freshman year - Chris '11 - was taking one of the D-Lab classes this semester. In celebration of Blog Action Day, I asked him if he had any perspectives to share about the class. Here's what he had to say:

I'm currently taking D-Lab: Development, the first class in the series, where we learn about technologies in the developing world and different factors that cause poverty to continue in developing countries. In January (MIT's Independent Activities Period, the class splits up into teams of four or five and spends three weeks in a village in a developing country. I will be heading to northern India, while others will be going to places as far and varied as Tanzania, Ghana, and Guatemala. In D-Lab: Design (the second class of the series), you build your own technology that could be distributed in a developing country. The third class, D-Lab: Dissemination, takes the principles of D-Lab: Design to a real-world level by showing you to create a plan to distribute a technology or business model throughout the developing world.

D-Lab is unlike any other I've taken. In most engineering classes you're simply given the screws, metal, and circuits that you need in order to build a project, and you can shop around if there’s a part you need that isn’t around the lab. In D-Lab, the materials we use are restricted by the things easily and cheaply available in the villages we're each visiting. The goal isn’t to make our technology as flashy as possible, but rather to make it as simple as possible, so that anyone using it will know exactly how it functions and how to fix it if it breaks. A week ago we had an assignment to estimate the amount of energy we use in a day. As we consider various projects that we can do in the villages we’re visiting, we are realizing how much cow dung we would need to produce that much energy using a biogas digester.

Of course one thing that our professor, Amy Smith, reminds us of as we work on our projects is that with all the technical knowledge we gain in class, nothing can substitute the indigenous knowledge of the people we're helping. They’ve been on their land a lot longer than we have and they can shed a lot of light on the best technologies. Amy tells a story in class about a cheaper charcoal briquette that she and a group of her students were having trouble with because it dissolved if water was poured on it, as is typically done to extinguish it, after the first use. This was causing a lot of trouble for the group, until finally they were presenting the charcoal to one village and a young boy suggested that they just throw sand on the briquettes instead of water.

All in all, D-Lab allows fifty students each semester to delve into how grand the problem of poverty is and the kinds of solutions that are needed to solve it. Some technologies still need to be invented, while others already exist and just need people to go out and disseminate them. D-Lab trains its students to figure out how to assess the needs of a village and introduce effective solutions that will allow the village to be more self-sustainable. And visiting an impoverished place helps reminds us that we aren't just studying concepts and equations, but rather a global issue that affects people not very different from ourselves.

Of course, this is hardly the first time D-Lab has been mentioned on the blogs. Mitra '07 took D-Lab her senior year and ultimately blogged about her trip to Zambia, where she and her group worked with government programs and NGO's like the Agricultural Support Programme, Peace Corps, and CARE; and helped strengthen ties with the University of Zambia (UNZA) administration. You can also find two of Mitra's actual blog entries from Africa here and here. D-Lab's own website also lists some of the projects past students have dreamed up in the Project Portfolio.

For even more information on D-Lab, check out some of these other excellent articles written about the class and the amazing things its students have done.

Comments (Closed after 30 days to reduce spam)

Northern India is beautiful, be sure you visit the GOLDEN TEMPLE in Amritsar (Punjab), it is plated entirely with gold. You will get the blessings too.

Posted by: Navdeep on October 15, 2008

ya, you must visit the golden temple, but, don't forget to see the urban areas where most of the people can't even afford a 2$ meal everyday.

Posted by: hiral patel '13 on October 15, 2008

I hope someone read both the comments above me. It kinda rings a bell. No I don't mean to say that we should strip the golden temple of all its gold and to distribute it among the poor. But still it shows there is something wrong and it needs to be fixed.

Yay for MIT, even if I don't get admitted.

Posted by: wesh m on October 15, 2008

Wow! I think this program will help people become better people!

Posted by: Ehsan on October 15, 2008

I believe the smart people are evenly distributed between the people. Only thing they need is a chance to show themselves. Like Ivan's example of the little girl.

I don't agree with what Navdeep '13 said. What was the reason to go to North India, for visit?

Posted by: ming on October 15, 2008

Actually to speak of poverty, there are countless examples. Farmers here in India commit suicide due to heavy debt and inability to feed their families. But poverty goes beyond this; I feel its humankind that is really poor to allow all this to happen.

Posted by: Ahana on October 16, 2008

hey, are u frm INDIA too?

Posted by: hiral patel tryin '13 on October 16, 2008

why people dump trash comment on MIT website?

The proverty was a big problem, but to slove this problem, we can't do it by our own.
We need the help from the poors, like the farmer you mentioned, if he give up his own life, how can we help them? I think the India government should get involve into the poors' dept problems.

Posted by: ming on October 16, 2008

Giving money to the problem doesn't always help. A certain country gives out study loans and cheap education to some poor people. While it helps out many of the poor from poverty, a few poor people are shocked by the amount of cash they get and spend it on KFC, girlfriends, and a fancy new cellphone, which we middle-class can't afford. Then they run out of the money needed to buy textbooks :/

I do respect the program for helping the smart ones out of poverty, though. A friend of mine who is the daughter of a laborer is now a skilled electrical engineer.

Posted by: 0 on October 16, 2008

Comments have been closed.